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When it comes to international relations, formal agreements are a crucial aspect of diplomacy. These agreements are made between governments of two or more countries to establish mutual goals and objectives, as well as to facilitate cooperation and collaboration on various issues. However, not everyone is familiar with the terminology used to describe these formal agreements. In this article, we will explore what a formal agreement between the government of two or more countries is called.

The most common term used to refer to formal agreements between two or more countries is a treaty. A treaty is a legally binding agreement between sovereign states. It is a formal document that outlines the terms and conditions that the participating countries have agreed upon, and it establishes specific obligations and responsibilities that each party must adhere to.

Treaties can be bilateral or multilateral. Bilateral treaties are agreements between two countries, while multilateral treaties are agreements between three or more countries. Multilateral treaties are often created to address global issues that require the cooperation of multiple nations to resolve.

Another term commonly used to describe formal agreements between countries is a convention. A convention is similar to a treaty but typically refers to agreements that are focused on specific issues or topics. For example, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is an agreement that outlines the rights and responsibilities of nations in their use of the world`s oceans.

Other terms that are sometimes used to describe formal agreements between governments include protocols, memoranda of understanding (MOUs), and accords. Protocols are typically used to supplement or clarify existing treaties, while MOUs are often used to establish less formal agreements that don`t rise to the level of a treaty. An accord is a general term that can refer to any formal agreement between two or more countries.

In conclusion, a formal agreement between the government of two or more countries is typically referred to as a treaty. However, there are other terms that may be used depending on the nature of the agreement and the countries involved. As a professional, it`s important to ensure that the terminology used in articles is accurate and reflects the most commonly used terms in the field.